Tax & Accounting Blog

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Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 7 – Tax Treaty Exemptions from Withholding

A common withholding exemption is a claim under an applicable provision of an income tax treaty with the country of tax residence of the income’s beneficial owner. Such a claim must be made by the vendor on a valid Form W- 8BEN, or a Form 8233 in the case of treaty claims by individuals on … Read More

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 6 – Exemptions from Withholding

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 6 – Exemptions from Withholding

Whether an exemption from withholding under either income tax rules or an applicable income tax treaty applies depends on the character of the U.S.-source income being paid (as defined by U.S. tax rules). For example, a foreign vendor with income that is effectively connected to the conduct of a U.S. trade or business (called “ECI”) … Read More

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IRS to Analyze Tax Credit Bond Credit Stripping and Credit Claims

Nearly $5 billion in qualified tax credit bonds were issued in 2009 and 2010, resulting in millions of dollars of bond tax credits claimed each year. In a heavily redacted report, the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) has reported on its analysis of corporate and individual returns with claims for bond tax credits. … Read More

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 5 – Unknown Source of Income

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 5 – Unknown Source of Income

AP must also know whether or not the income being paid is U.S.-source in order to withhold and report correctly. During an audit, the IRS will request evidence supporting foreign-source payments such as contracts, invoices, expense reports and so forth. If a payment to a foreign vendor includes both U.S.- and foreign-source income and no … Read More

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U.S. District Court Rules that under ERISA and U.S. v. Windsor, Same-Sex Surviving Spouse Receives Death Benefit from Qualified Plan

On July 29, the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania issued an order that that a same-sex surviving spouse was entitled to receive the “surviving spouse” death benefit under an employer’s qualified employee benefit plan. The court found that the United States Supreme Court’s decision in United States v. Windsor, declaring … Read More

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 4 – Bundled Income

Why Nature of Income Paid to Foreign Vendors Matters Part 4 – Bundled Income

When an income payment is one amount that covers more than one type of income, the payment must be reasonably allocated among all types of income covered by the payment. For example, a single payment to a foreign vendor for the purchase of equipment, which is not subject to 30 percent withholding, might include shipping … Read More