Tax & Accounting Blog

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 10: Do I Have to Withhold on Payments for Services Performed Abroad?

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 10: Do I Have to Withhold on Payments for Services Performed Abroad?

Compensation for services performed abroad is foreign source income. For audit purposes, the place where the services are performed should be indicated in the agreement with the individual. It is not sufficient that the location where the services performed is indicated on the invoice since this is considered by the IRS to be a self-serving … Read More

Open Transaction Doctrine does not apply in insurance company demutualization case.

Open Transaction Doctrine does not apply in insurance company demutualization case.

On July 9, 2012, a federal district court in Arizona ruled that the taxpayer could not apply the “open transaction” doctrine in a case involving stock received from an insurance company that demutualized. Background. A mutual insurance company has no shareholders.  Instead, the policyholders have an ownership interest in the company, in addition to having … Read More

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 9: How Do I Find Out if the Payment Is U.S. Source Income?

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 9: How Do I Find Out if the Payment Is U.S. Source Income?

The source of income is determined under U.S. tax rules based on the type of income. Compensation for personal services, whether employment or self-employment, is generally sourced where the services are performed, not where the income is paid. Therefore: Income for services performed outside the U.S. is foreign source income and is not subject to … Read More

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 8: Does the Recipient Have to Provide a SSN or ITIN to Be Paid?

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 8: Does the Recipient Have to Provide a SSN or ITIN to Be Paid?

No, there is no federal law or regulation that requires that an income recipient provide you with a Social Security Number (SSN) or Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) in order to be paid. In fact, you must make the payment if you have an agreement with the recipient obligating your organization to pay the amount. … Read More

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 7: What if the Service Provider Wasn’t Authorized under the Immigration Rules to Provide the Services?

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 7: What if the Service Provider Wasn’t Authorized under the Immigration Rules to Provide the Services?

You must apply the proper withholding and reporting rules based on tax residency status to payments to foreign national recipients regardless of whether the recipient was authorized to provide the services or not. It is the provision of services by an unauthorized individual that is a violation of the immigration laws. However, your organization’s payment to the … Read More

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 6: What Would Give Me Reason to Know That the Recipient Is a Nonresident Alien?

NRA Withholding and Reporting on Payments to Foreign Nationals – Part 6: What Would Give Me Reason to Know That the Recipient Is a Nonresident Alien?

The IRS has addressed the facts that would cause a payer who has no actual information about a recipient to have a reason to know that the recipient might be a nonresident alien: The individual is not a U.S. citizen or immigrant (popularly called a green-card holder). A nonimmigrant is a U.S. person only if substantially … Read More