Notice of Proposed Rulemaking: Grandfathered Group Health Plans and Grandfathered Group Health Insurance Coverage, 26 CFR Part 54; 29 CFR Part 2590; 45 CFR Part 147; 85 Fed. Reg. 42782 (July 15, 2020); Frequently Asked Questions About the Notice of Proposed Rulemaking Regarding Grandfathered Group Health Plans and Grandfathered Group Health Insurance Coverage
The DOL, IRS, and HHS have issued proposed regulations increasing flexibility for grandfathered health plans, as well as related FAQs. Grandfathered plans are group health plans (or health insurance coverage) that have continuously provided coverage since March 23, 2010, and have not undergone certain prohibited design changes since then. These plans are excused from some requirements under the Affordable Care Act (ACA), such as coverage of preventive health services without cost-sharing and the expanded appeals process, although they are subject to other ACA provisions (see our Checkpoint Question of the Week). Grandfathered status can be maintained indefinitely so long as the arrangement continues to cover at least one person, no prohibited design changes are made (including increases in cost-sharing requirements that exceed certain thresholds), and certain disclosure and recordkeeping requirements are met. The proposal follows a February 2019 Request for Information (RFI) that sought input on actions that would enable grandfathered plans to preserve their status (see our Checkpoint article). The proposal would modify current regulations that permit grandfathered plans to increase fixed-amount cost-sharing provisions (e.g., copayments, deductibles, and out-of-pocket maximums) so long as certain thresholds are not exceeded, determined using a Consumer Price Index medical inflation measure (medical CPI-U) (see our Checkpoint article). Here are highlights:
High Deductible Health Plans (HDHPs). Grandfathered HDHPs would be permitted to increase their fixed-amount cost-sharing without losing grandfathered status, if the increase is necessary to maintain HDHP status. Although the annual cost-of-living adjustment to the required minimum HDHP deductible has not yet exceeded the threshold that would cause loss of grandfathered status (see our Checkpoint article), the agencies believe there is value in assuring grandfathered HDHPs that they will be able to increase their cost-sharing to meet a future minimum deductible adjustment without losing grandfathered status.
Alternative Inflation Adjustment. The proposal would permit cost-sharing increases determined, in part, by reference to the greater of the medical CPI-U or the most recently published annual premium adjustment percentage, which is used to set the rate of increase for certain ACA parameters (see our Checkpoint article). Because the agencies anticipate that the premium adjustment percentage index will continue to grow faster than the medical CPI-U, they believe that the proposed alternative method would give grandfathered plans the flexibility to make cost-sharing changes that would otherwise result in a loss of grandfathered status. They also view the premium adjustment percentage as the best existing measure of underlying cost increases for grandfathered group health plans.
EBIA Comment: The proposal includes updated statistics on grandfathered plans: In 2019, approximately 22% of employers that offered health benefits offered at least one grandfathered group health plan (down from 72% in 2011), and 13% of workers with employer-sponsored coverage were enrolled in a grandfathered group health plan in 2019 (down from 56% in 2011). Although the number of grandfathered plans has decreased each year since the ACA was enacted, the agencies believe that some employers, insurers, and participants continue to find value in grandfathered plans. For more information, see EBIA’s Health Care Reform manual at Section VI (“Grandfathered Health Plans”) and EBIA’s Consumer-Driven Health Care manual at Section X (“HSAs: Required HDHP Coverage”).
Contributing Editors: EBIA Staff.