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Cost Of Living

Key 2024 Figures Calculated by Thomson Reuters Checkpoint Based on Inflation Data Now Available

Thomson Reuters Tax & Accounting  

· 9 minute read

Thomson Reuters Tax & Accounting  

· 9 minute read

Many tax, expensing, and penalty figures are adjusted annually for cost-of-living increases. These adjustments reflect the average chained Consumer Price Index (CPI) for all-urban customers (C-CPI-U) for the 12-month period ending the previous August 31.

The August 2023 CPI summary has been released by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Using the chained CPI for August 2023 (and the preceding 11 months), Thomson Reuters Checkpoint has calculated the 2024 indexed amounts for nearly 250 figures across a series of five articles:

Below are some highlights for 2024.

Income tax brackets. The tax rate schedules for 2024 will be as follows.

For married individuals filing joint returns and surviving spouses:

The married filed jointly estimated numbers below were updated on September 14.

If taxable income is not over $23,200; the tax is 10% of taxable income

If taxable income is over $23,200 but not over $94,300; the tax is $2,320.00 plus 12% of the amount over $23,200

If taxable income is over $94,300 but not over $201,050; the tax is $10,852.00 plus 22% of the amount over $94,300

If taxable income is over $201,050 but not over $383,900; the tax is $34,337.00 plus 24% of the amount over $201,050

If taxable income is over $383,900 but not over $487,450; the tax is $78,221.00 plus 32% of the amount over $383,900

If taxable income is over $487,450 but not over $731,200; the tax is $111,357.00 plus 35% of the amount over $487,450

If taxable income is over $731,200; the tax is $196,669.50 plus 37% of the amount over $731,200

For single individuals (other than heads of households and surviving spouses):

If taxable income is not over $11,600; the tax is 10% of taxable income

If taxable income is over $11,600 but not over $47,150; the tax is $1,160.00 plus 12% of the amount over $11,600

If taxable income is over $47,150 but not over $100,525; the tax is $5,426.00 plus 22% of the amount over $47,150

If taxable income is over $100,525 but not over $191,950; the tax is $17,168.50 plus 24% of the amount over $100,525

If taxable income is over $191,950 but not over $243,725; the tax is $39,110.50 plus 32% of the amount over $191,950

If taxable income is over $243,725 but not over $609,350; the tax is $55,678.50 plus 35% of the amount over $243,725

If taxable income is over $609,350; the tax is $183,647.25 plus 37% of the amount over $609,350

For heads of household:

If taxable income is not over $16,550: the tax is 10% of taxable income

If taxable income is over $16,550 but not over $63,100; the tax is $1,655.00 plus 12% of the excess over $16,550

If taxable income is over $63,100 but not over $100,500; the tax is $7,241.00 plus 22% of the excess over $63,100

If taxable income is over $100,500 but not over $191,950; the tax is $15,469.00 plus 24% of the excess over $100,500

If taxable income is over $191,950 but not over $243,700; the tax is $37,417.00 plus 32% of the excess over $191,950

If taxable income is over $243,700 but not over $609,350; the tax is $53,977.00 plus 35% of the excess over $243,700

If taxable income is over $609,350; the tax is $181,954.50 plus 37% of the excess over $609,350

For marrieds filing separate returns:

If taxable income is not over $11,600; the tax is 10% of taxable income

If taxable income is over $11,600 but not over $47,150 the tax is $1,160.00 plus 12% of the excess over $11,600

If taxable income is over $47,150 but not over $100,525; the tax is $5,426.00 plus 22% of the excess over $47,150

If taxable income is over $100,525 but not over $191,950; the tax is $17,168.50 plus 24% of the excess over $100,525

If taxable income is over $191,950 but not over $243,725; the tax is $39,110.50 plus 32% of the excess over $191,950

If taxable income is over $243,725 but not over $365,600; the tax is $55,678.50 plus 35% of the excess over $243,725

If taxable income is over $365,600; the tax is $98,334.75 plus 37% of the excess over $365,600

For estates and trusts:

If taxable income is less than $3,100; the tax is 10% of taxable income

If taxable income is over $3,100 but not over $11,150; the tax is $310.00 plus 24% of the excess over $3,100

If taxable income is over $11,150 but not over $15,200; the tax is $2,242.00 plus 35% of the excess over $11,150

If taxable income is over $15,200; the tax is $3,659.50, plus 37% of the excess over $15,200

Standard deductions. The basic standard deduction for 2024 will be:

Joint return or surviving spouse $29,200 ($27,700 for 2023)

Single (not head of household $14,600 ($13,850 for 2023) or surviving spouse)

Head of household $21,900 ($20,800 for 2023)

Married filing separate returns $14,600 ($13,850 for 2023)

Earned income tax credit. For 2024, the maximum amount of earned income on which the earned income tax credit will be computed is $8,260 for taxpayers with no qualifying children, $12,390 for taxpayers with one qualifying child, and $17,400 for taxpayers with two or more qualifying children.

For 2024, the phaseout of the allowable earned income tax credit will begin at $17,250 for joint filers with no qualifying children ($10,330 for others with no qualifying children), and at $29,640 for joint filers with one or more qualifying children ($22,720 for others with one or more qualifying children).

Observation: Taxpayers must use IRS tables to determine the amount of their earned income tax credit. While these tables are based on the inflation-adjusted figures set out above, because the credit under the tables is the same for everyone within a $50 range, there may be slight differences between the credit under the tables and the credit the taxpayer would determine using those inflation-adjusted figures.

The amount of disqualified income (generally investment income) a taxpayer may have before losing the entire earned income tax credit is $11,600 for 2024.

Child tax credit. The child credit is refundable, subject to the limit described below, to the extent of the greater of:

… 15% of earned income above $2,500, or

… for taxpayers with three or more qualifying children, the excess of the taxpayer’s social security taxes for the tax year over his or her earned income tax credit for the year. (Code Sec. 24(d))

The refundable portion of the child tax credit for any qualifying child can’t exceed $1,700 for 2024.

Low-income housing credit figures. For 2024, the per low-income qualified basis amount under Code Sec. 42(e)(3)(A)(ii) is $8,300 ($7,900 for 2023). The population component of the state low-income housing credit ceiling dollar amount under Code Sec. 42(h)(3)(C)(ii) for 2024 is the greater of: (1) $2.90 ($2.75 for 2023) multiplied by the state population, or (2) $3,360,000 ($3,185,000 for 2023).

Capital gains brackets. For 2024, the capital gains tax rates will be as follows:

The 0% capital gains rate applies to adjusted net capital gain of up to:

… Joint returns and surviving spouses-$94,050 ($89,250 in 2023)

… Single filers and married taxpayers filing separately-$47,025 ($44,625 in 2023)

… Heads of household-$63,000 ($59,750 in 2023)

… Estates and trusts-$3,150 ($3,000 in 2023)

The 15% capital gains tax rate applies to adjusted net capital gain over the amount subject to the 0% rate, and up to:

… Joint returns and surviving spouses-$583,750 ($553,850 in 2023)

… Married taxpayers filing separately-$291,875 ($276,925 in 2023)

… Heads of household-$551,350 ($523,050 in 2023)

… Single filers-$518,900 ($492,300 in 2023)

… Estates and trusts-$15,450 ($14,650 in 2023)

The 20% capital gains tax rate applies to adjusted net capital gain over the above 15% maximum amounts.

Income-based limitations on Sec. 199A qualified business income deduction. For 2024, taxpayers with taxable income above $191,900 for single and head of household returns, $383,850 for joint filers, and $191,925 for married filing separate returns are subject to certain limitations on the Code Sec. 199A deduction. The 2023 amounts were $182,100, $364,200, and $182,100.

MAGI limits for making deductible contributions by active plan participants to traditional IRAs. In general, an individual who isn’t an active participant in certain employer-sponsored retirement plans, and whose spouse isn’t an active participant, may make an annual deductible cash contribution to an IRA up to the lesser of: (1) an inflation-adjusted statutory dollar limit, or (2) 100% of the compensation that’s includible in his or her gross income for that year. For 2024, the statutory dollar limit is $7,000 ($6,500 in 2023), plus an additional $1,000 catch-up for those age 50 or older ($1,000 in 2023).

If the individual (or his or her spouse) is an active plan participant, the deduction phases out over a specified dollar range of MAGI. For taxpayers filing joint returns, the otherwise allowable deductible contribution will be phased out ratably for 2024 for MAGI between $123,000 and $143,000 ($116,000 and $136,000 in 2023).

For 2024, for single taxpayers and heads of household, the otherwise allowable deductible contribution will be phased out ratably for MAGI between $77,000 and $87,000 ($73,000 and $83,000 in 2023). For married taxpayers filing separate returns, the otherwise allowable deductible contribution will be phased out ratably for MAGI between $0 and $10,000 ($0 and $10,000 in 2023).

For a married taxpayer who is not an active plan participant but whose spouse is such a participant, the otherwise allowable deductible contribution will be phased out ratably for 2024for MAGI between $230,000 and $240,000 ($218,000 and $228,000 in 2023).

MAGI limits for making contributions to Roth IRAs. Individuals may make nondeductible contributions to a Roth IRA, subject to the overall limit on IRA contributions.

The maximum annual contribution that can be made to a Roth IRA is phased out for taxpayers with MAGI over certain levels for the tax year. For taxpayers filing joint returns, the otherwise allowable contributions to a Roth IRA will be phased out ratably for 2024 for MAGI between $230,000 and $240,000 ($218,000 and $228,000 in 2023).

For single taxpayers and heads of household, it will be phased out ratably for MAGI between $146,000 and $161,000 ($138,000 and $153,000 in 2023). For married taxpayers filing separate returns, the otherwise allowable contribution will continue to be phased out ratably for MAGI between $0 and $10,000 ($0 and $10,000 in 2023).

Sec. 179 Expensing. The amount that may be expensed under Code Sec. 179 for 2024 will be $1,220,000 ($1,160,000 for 2023). For 2024, the expensing limit will be reduced when more than $3,050,000 of expensing-eligible property is placed in service ($2,890,000 for 2023).

Unified estate and gift tax exclusion amount. For gifts made and estates of decedents dying in 2024, the exclusion amount will be $13,610,000 ($12,920,000 for gifts made and estates of decedents dying in 2023).

Generation-skipping transfer (GST) tax exemption. The exemption from GST tax will be $13,610,000 for transfers in 2024 ($12,920,000 for transfers in 2023).

Gift tax annual exclusion. For gifts made in 2024, the gift tax annual exclusion will be $18,000 ($17,000 in 2023).

Foreign earned income and housing cost exclusion. The foreign earned income exclusion amount will be $126,500 in 2024 ($120,000 in 2023). The foreign housing cost exclusion will be $17,710 in 2024 (up from $16,800 in 2023).

Failure to file tax return. For 2024, the minimum penalty under Code Sec. 6651(a) for failure to timely file a tax return is $510 ($485 in 2023).

Failure to file partnership return. For 2024, the dollar amount used to determine the amount of the penalty under Code Sec. 6698(b)(1) is $245 ($235 in 2023).

Failure to file S corporation return. The dollar amount used to determine the amount of the penalty under Code Sec. 6699(b)(1) is $245 ($235 in 2023).

 

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